You can quote several words to match them as a full term:
"some text to search"
otherwise, the single words will be understood as distinct search terms.
ANY of the entered words would match

Women in Science

Women in Science

This fact sheet presents the latest UIS data on research and experimental development (R&D) available as of June 2018.

The gender gap in science

Overall, women account for a minority of the world’s researchers. Despite the growing demand for cross-nationally-comparable statistics on women in science, national data and their use in policy-making often remain limited. This fact sheet presents global and regional profiles, pinpointing where women thrive in this sector and where they are under-represented.

Researchers are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge. They conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories, models, techniques instrumentation, software or operational methods (Frascati Manual, 2015).  The global map (see Figure 1) depicts the share of women in the total number of researchers by country.

Figure 1. The gender gap in science
Women as a share of total researchers, 2016 or latest year available

Notes: Data in this map are based on headcounts (HC), except for Congo, India and Israel which are based on full-time equivalents (FTE). Data for China are based on total R&D personnel instead of researchers. Data for Brazil are based on estimations.

The vast majority of data are presented in headcounts (HC), which are the total number of persons employed in R&D. This includes staff employed both full-time and part-time. The regional averages for the share of female researchers (based on available data only) for 2015 are:

  • 28.8% for World
  • 48.1% for Central Asia
  • 45.4% for Latin America and the Caribbean
  • 39.8% for Arab States
  • 39.5% for Central and Eastern Europe
  • 32.3% for North America and Western Europe
  • 31.3% for Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 23.4% for East Asia and the Pacific
  • 18.5% for South and West Asia

Figures 2, 3 and 4 illustrate women researchers as a percentage of the total number. Based on headcount data, these figures include part-time and full-time researchers.

Notes: -1= 2015, -2 = 2014, -3 = 2013, -6 = 2010, -14 = 2002, -17 = 1999.

Notes: -1=2015, -8 = 2008.

Notes: -1 = 2015, -2 = 2014, -3 = 2013, -4 = 2012, -5 = 2011, -6 = 2010, -7 = 2009, -8 = 2008, -9 = 2007, -11 = 2005, -12 = 2004, -14= 2002, -15= 2001, -16 = 2000, -19 = 1997.

* = Based on FTE data.

Copyright UNESCO 2018


For direct-transfer bank details click here.

Read the full article at the original website


Subscribe to The Article Feed

Don’t miss out on the latest articles. Sign up now to get access to the library of members-only articles.